U7: Non-Separable Phrasal Verbs

 

Phrasal verbs
1. They got along well and started going out together.
2.   Anna went away to college.
3.   She flew back home once a month.
4.   Things didn’t work out, so they decided to break up.
Notice:
 Steve and Anna got along well.

   Ø  Steve got along with Anna.
   Ø  Anna  got along with Steve

 Steve and Anna went out together.

   Ø  Steve went out with Anna.
   Ø  Anna  went out with Steve
v Wake /get up in the morning
v Break / meet up with your boyfriend/girlfriend.
v Show/sign up for a class.
v Wake/get up without an alarm clock
Grow up in a small town.
v  Hang/go out with your friends.
v  Stay out late.
v  Go out to a club.(Go back/away)
v  Eat out at a nice restaurant
v  Work out at the gym.
v Get/go/throw/put away
v Go/get/come/call/fly back





















As well as learning their meanings, you need to learn how to use phrasal verbs.
Phrasal verb
Meaning
Example
break up
Separate/ end a relationship
My boyfriend and I broke up before I moved to America.
hang out
spend time idly (in a lazy way)
July is always hanging out (spending time) at the mall.
come back
return
All my memories came back when I saw my old boyfriend in the street.
get along/on
like each other/to be compatible
I was surprise how well my new girlfriend and my sister got along /on.
go out
to go to entertainments, social functions, etc, / go outdoors/
Pam and Sam have gone out (dated) for a while.
go away
take a trip/leave
My sister went away (in a different city) to high school.
grow up
Become an adult
Steve and Anna grew up in the same town.
fly back  
to be transported by aircraft.    /return by plane.
My siblings flew back home to visit my parents.
move away
to go away or to another place.   
Sara’s family moved away from Lima, and I lost touch with her. She was a nice girl at school.
settle down
take up a permanent post etc, esp. after marriage.
When Steve was 30 years old, he was ready to settle down (get married) with someone, but no one seemed right.
sign up
register
I heard about a web site that helps people find old classmates. I signed up immediately.
turn out
to prove to be/ result
Don’t turn out the way you want.
write back
answer/ reply
I’ll write back when I have time.
work out
Be successful/result
Our plan worked out fine
VerbMeaningExample
ask someone outinvite on a dateBrian asked Judy out to dinner and a movie.
ask aroundask many people the same questionasked around but nobody has seen my wallet.
add up to somethingequalYour purchases add up to$205.32.
back something upreverseYou'll have to back up your car so that I can get out.
back someone upsupportMy wife backed me up over my decision to quit my job.
blow upexplodeThe racing car blew up after it crashed into the fence.
blow something upadd airWe have to blow 50 balloonsup for the party.
break downstop functioning (vehicle, machine)Our car broke down at the side of the highway in the snowstorm.
break downget upsetThe woman broke down when the police told her that her son had died.
break somethingdowndivide into smaller partsOur teacher broke the final project down into three separate parts.
break inforce entry to a buildingSomebody broke in last night and stole our stereo.
break into somethingenter forciblyThe firemen had to break intothe room to rescue the children.
break something inwear something a few times so that it doesn't look/feel newI need to break these shoes inbefore we run next week.
break ininterruptThe TV station broke in to report the news of the president's death.
break upend a relationshipMy boyfriend and I broke upbefore I moved to America.
break upstart laughing (informal)The kids just broke up as soon as the clown started talking.
break outescapeThe prisoners broke out of jail when the guards weren't looking.
break out insomethingdevelop a skin conditionbroke out in a rash after our camping trip.
bring someone downmake unhappyThis sad music is bringing medown.
bring someone upraise a childMy grandparents brought meup after my parents died.
bring something upstart talking about a subjectMy mother walks out of the room when my father brings up sports.
bring something upvomitHe drank so much that hebrought his dinner up in the toilet.
call aroundphone many different places/peopleWe called around but we weren't able to find the car part we needed.
call someone backreturn a phone callcalled the company back but the offices were closed for the weekend.
call something offcancelJason called the wedding offbecause he wasn't in love with his fiancé.
call on someoneask for an answer or opinionThe professor called on me for question 1.
call on someonevisit someoneWe called on you last night but you weren't home.
call someone upphoneGive me your phone number and I will call you up when we are in town.
calm downrelax after being angryYou are still mad. You need tocalm down before you drive the car.
not care forsomeone/somethingnot like (formal)I don't care for his behaviour.
catch upget to the same point as someone elseYou'll have to run faster than that if you want to catch upwith Marty.
check inarrive and register at a hotel or airportWe will get the hotel keys when we check in.
check outleave a hotelYou have to check out of the hotel before 11:00 AM.
checksomeone/somethingoutlook at carefully, investigateThe company checks out all new employees.
check outsomeone/somethinglook at (informal)Check out the crazy hair on that guy!
cheer upbecome happierShe cheered up when she heard the good news.
cheer someone upmake happierI brought you some flowers tocheer you up.
chip inhelpIf everyone chips in we can get the kitchen painted by noon.
clean something uptidy, cleanPlease clean up your bedroom before you go outside.
come acrosssomethingfind unexpectedlycame across these old photos when I was tidying the closet.
come apartseparateThe top and bottom come apart if you pull hard enough.
come down withsomethingbecome sickMy nephew came down withchicken pox this weekend.
come forwardvolunteer for a task or to give evidenceThe woman came forwardwith her husband's finger prints.
come fromsomewhereoriginate inThe art of origami comes fromAsia.
count onsomeone/somethingrely onI am counting on you to make dinner while I am out.
cross something outdraw a line throughPlease cross out your old address and write your new one.
cut back onsomethingconsume lessMy doctor wants me to cut back on sweets and fatty foods.
cut something downmake something fall to the groundWe had to cut the old tree in our yard down after the storm.
cut ininterruptYour father cut in while I was dancing with your uncle.
cut inpull in too closely in front of another vehicleThe bus driver got angry when that car cut in.
cut instart operating (of an engine or electrical device)The air conditioner cuts inwhen the temperature gets to 22°C.
cut something offremove with something sharpThe doctors cut off his leg because it was severely injured.
cut something offstop providingThe phone company cut off our phone because we didn't pay the bill.
cut someone offtake out of a willMy grandparents cut my fatheroff when he remarried.
cut something outremove part of something (usually with scissors and paper)cut this ad out of the newspaper.
dosomeone/somethingoverbeat up, ransack (Br.E., informal)He's lucky to be alive. His shop was done over by a street gang.
do something overdo again (N.Amer.)My teacher wants me to do my essay over because she doesn't like my topic.
do away withsomethingdiscardIt's time to do away with all of these old tax records.
do something upfasten, closeDo your coat up before you go outside. It's snowing!
dress upwear nice clothingIt's a fancy restaurant so we have to dress up.
drop backmove back in a position/groupAndrea dropped back to third place when she fell off her bike.
drop in/by/overcome without an appointmentI might drop in/by/over for tea sometime this week.
dropsomeone/somethingofftake someone/something somewhere and leave them/it thereI have to drop my sister off at work before I come over.
drop outquit a class, school etcdropped out of Science because it was too difficult.
eat outeat at a restaurantI don't feel like cooking tonight. Let's eat out.
end upeventually reach/do/decideWe ended up renting a movie instead of going to the theatre.
fall apartbreak into piecesMy new dress fell apart in the washing machine.
fall downfall to the groundThe picture that you hung up last night fell down this morning.
fall outseparate from an interiorThe money must have fallen out of my pocket.
fall out(of hair, teeth) become loose and unattachedHis hair started to fall outwhen he was only 35.
figure something outunderstand, find the answerI need to figure out how to fit the piano and the bookshelf in this room.
fill something into write information in blanks (Br.E.)Please fill in the form with your name, address, and phone number.
fill something outto write information in blanks (N.Amer.)The form must be filled out in capital letters.
fill something upfill to the topI always fill the water jug upwhen it is empty.
find outdiscoverWe don't know where he lives. How can we find out?
find something outdiscoverWe tried to keep the time of the party a secret, but Samanthafound it out.
get somethingacross/overcommunicate, make understandableI tried to get my pointacross/over to the judge but she wouldn't listen.
get along/onlike each otherI was surprised how well my new girlfriend and my sistergot along/on.
get aroundhave mobilityMy grandfather can get aroundfine in his new wheelchair.
get awaygo on a vacationWe worked so hard this year that we had to get away for a week.
get away withsomethingdo without being noticed or punishedJason always gets away withcheating in his maths tests.
get backreturnWe got back from our vacation last week.
get something backreceive something you had beforeLiz finally got her Science notesback from my room-mate.
get back at someoneretaliate, take revengeMy sister got back at me for stealing her shoes. She stole my favourite hat.
get back intosomethingbecome interested in something againI finally got back into my novel and finished it.
get on somethingstep onto a vehicleWe're going to freeze out here if you don't let us get on the bus.
get over somethingrecover from an illness, loss, difficultyI just got over the flu and now my sister has it.
get over somethingovercome a problemThe company will have to close if it can't get over the new regulations.
get round tosomethingfinally find time to do (N.Amer.: get around to something)I don't know when I am going to get round to writing the thank you cards.
get togethermeet (usually for social reasons)Let's get together for a BBQ this weekend.
get upget out of bedgot up early today to study for my exam.
get upstandYou should get up and give the elderly man your seat.
give someone awayreveal hidden information about someoneHis wife gave him away to the police.
give someone awaytake the bride to the altarMy father gave me away at my wedding.
give something awayruin a secretMy little sister gave the surprise party away by accident.
give something awaygive something to someone for freeThe library was giving awayold books on Friday.
give something backreturn a borrowed itemI have to give these skatesback to Franz before his hockey game.
give inreluctantly stop fighting or arguingMy boyfriend didn't want to go to the ballet, but he finallygave in.
give something outgive to many people (usually at no cost)They were giving out free perfume samples at the department store.
give something upquit a habitI am giving up smoking as of January 1st.
give upstop tryingMy maths homework was too difficult so I gave up.
go after someonefollow someoneMy brother tried to go after the thief in his car.
go after somethingtry to achieve somethingwent after my dream and now I am a published writer.
go against someonecompete, opposeWe are going against the best soccer team in the city tonight.
go aheadstart, proceedPlease go ahead and eat before the food gets cold.
go backreturn to a placeI have to go back home and get my lunch.
go outleave home to go on a social eventWe're going out for dinner tonight.
go out with someonedateJesse has been going out withLuke since they met last winter.
go over somethingreviewPlease go over your answers before you submit your test.
go overvisit someone nearbyI haven't seen Tina for a long time. I think I'll go over for an hour or two.
go withoutsomethingsuffer lack or deprivationWhen I was young, we went without winter boots.
grow apartstop being friends over timeMy best friend and I grew apart after she changed schools.
grow backregrowMy roses grew back this summer.
grow upbecome an adultWhen Jack grows up he wants to be a fireman.
grow out ofsomethingget too big forElizabeth needs a new pair of shoes because she has grown out of her old ones.
grow into somethinggrow big enough to fitThis bike is too big for him now, but he should grow into it by next year.
hand somethingdowngive something used to someone elsehanded my old comic booksdown to my little cousin.
hand something insubmitI have to hand in my essay by Friday.
hand something outto distribute to a group of peopleWe will hand out the invitations at the door.
hand something overgive (usually unwillingly)The police asked the man tohand over his wallet and his weapons.
hang instay positive (N.Amer., informal)Hang in there. I'm sure you'll find a job very soon.
hang onwait a short time (informal)Hang on while I grab my coat and shoes!
hang outspend time relaxing (informal)Instead of going to the party we are just going to hang outat my place.
hang upend a phone callHe didn't say goodbye before he hung up.
holdsomeone/somethingbackprevent from doing/goingI had to hold my dog backbecause there was a cat in the park.
hold something backhide an emotionJamie held back his tears at his grandfather's funeral.
hold onwait a short timePlease hold on while I transfer you to the Sales Department.
hold ontosomeone/somethinghold firmly using your hands or armsHold onto your hat because it's very windy outside.
holdsomeone/somethinguprobA man in a black mask held the bank up this morning.
keep on doingsomethingcontinue doingKeep on stirring until the liquid comes to a boil.
keep something fromsomeonenot tellWe kept our relationship fromour parents for two years.
keepsomeone/somethingoutstop from enteringTry to keep the wet dog out of the living room.
keep something upcontinue at the same rateIf you keep those results upyou will get into a great college.
let someone downfail to support or help, disappointI need you to be on time. Don'tlet me down this time.
let someone inallow to enterCan you let the cat in before you go to school?
log in (or on)sign in (to a website, database etc)I can't log in to Facebook because I've forgotten my password.
log out (or off)sign out (of a website, database etc)If you don't log off somebody could get into your account.
look aftersomeone/somethingtake care ofI have to look after my sick grandmother.
look down onsomeonethink less of, consider inferiorEver since we stole that chocolate bar your dad haslooked down on me.
look forsomeone/somethingtry to findI'm looking for a red dress for the wedding.
look forward tosomethingbe excited about the futureI'm looking forward to the Christmas break.
look into somethinginvestigateWe are going to look into the price of snowboards today.
look outbe careful, vigilant, and take noticeLook out! That car's going to hit you!
look out forsomeone/somethingbe especially vigilant forDon't forget to look out forsnakes on the hiking trail.
look something overcheck, examineCan you look over my essay for spelling mistakes?
look something upsearch and find information in a reference book or databaseWe can look her phone numberup on the Internet.
look up to someonehave a lot of respect forMy little sister has alwayslooked up to me.
make something upinvent, lie about somethingJosie made up a story about why we were late.
make upforgive each otherWe were angry last night, but we made up at breakfast.
make someone upapply cosmetics toMy sisters made me up for my graduation party.
mix something upconfuse two or more thingsmixed up the twins' names again!
pass awaydieHis uncle passed away last night after a long illness.
pass outfaintIt was so hot in the church that an elderly lady passed out.
pass something outgive the same thing to many peopleThe professor passed the textbooks out before class.
pass something updecline (usually something good)passed up the job because I am afraid of change.
pay someone backreturn owed moneyThanks for buying my ticket. I'llpay you back on Friday.
pay for somethingbe punished for doing something badThat bully will pay for being mean to my little brother.
pick something outchoosepicked out three sweaters for you to try on.
pointsomeone/somethingoutindicate with your fingerI'll point my boyfriend outwhen he runs by.
put something downput what you are holding on a surface or floorYou can put the groceriesdown on the kitchen counter.
put someone downinsult, make someone feel stupidThe students put the substitute teacher down because his pants were too short.
put something offpostponeWe are putting off our trip until January because of the hurricane.
put something outextinguishThe neighbours put the fire outbefore the firemen arrived.
put somethingtogetherassembleI have to put the crib togetherbefore the baby arrives.
put up withsomeone/somethingtolerateI don't think I can put up withthree small children in the car.
put something onput clothing/accessories on your bodyDon't forget to put on your new earrings for the party.
run intosomeone/somethingmeet unexpectedlyran into an old school-friend at the mall.
run oversomeone/somethingdrive a vehicle over a person or thingI accidentally ran over your bicycle in the driveway.
run over/throughsomethingrehearse, reviewLet's run over/through these lines one more time before the show.
run awayleave unexpectedly, escapeThe child ran away from home and has been missing for three days.
run outhave none leftWe ran out of shampoo so I had to wash my hair with soap.
send something backreturn (usually by mail)My letter got sent back to me because I used the wrong stamp.
set something uparrange, organizeOur boss set a meeting up with the president of the company.
set someone uptrick, trapThe police set up the car thief by using a hidden camera.
shop aroundcompare pricesI want to shop around a little before I decide on these boots.
show offact extra special for people watching (usually boastfully)He always shows off on his skateboard
sleep overstay somewhere for the night (informal)You should sleep over tonight if the weather is too bad to drive home.
sort something outorganize, resolve a problemWe need to sort the bills outbefore the first of the month.
stick to somethingcontinue doing something, limit yourself to one particular thingYou will lose weight if you stick to the diet.
switch something offstop the energy flow, turn offThe light's too bright. Could you switch it off.
switch something onstart the energy flow, turn onWe heard the news as soon as we switched on the car radio.
take after someoneresemble a family membertake after my mother. We are both impatient.
take something apartpurposely break into piecesHe took the car brakes apartand found the problem.
take something backreturn an itemI have to take our new TV backbecause it doesn't work.
take offstart to flyMy plane takes off in five minutes.
take something offremove something (usually clothing)Take off your socks and shoes and come in the lake!
take something outremove from a place or thingCan you take the garbage outto the street for me?
take someone outpay for someone to go somewhere with youMy grandparents took us outfor dinner and a movie.
tear something uprip into piecestore up my ex-boyfriend's letters and gave them back to him.
think backremember (often + to, sometimes + on)When I think back on my youth, I wish I had studied harder.
think something overconsiderI'll have to think this job offerover before I make my final decision.
throw somethingawaydispose ofWe threw our old furnitureaway when we won the lottery.
turn something downdecrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Please turn the TV down while the guests are here.
turn something downrefuseturned the job downbecause I don't want to move.
turn something offstop the energy flow, switch offYour mother wants you to turnthe TV off and come for dinner.
turn something onstart the energy, switch onIt's too dark in here. Let's turnsome lights on.
turn something upincrease the volume or strength (heat, light etc)Can you turn the music up? This is my favourite song.
turn upappear suddenlyOur cat turned up after we put posters up all over the neighbourhood.
try something onsample clothingI'm going to try these jeanson, but I don't think they will fit.
try something outtestI am going to try this new brand of detergent out.
use something upfinish the supplyThe kids used all of the toothpaste up so we need to buy some more.
wake upstop sleepingWe have to wake up early for work on Monday.
warmsomeone/somethingupincrease the temperatureYou can warm your feet up in front of the fireplace.
warm upprepare body for exerciseI always warm up by doing sit-ups before I go for a run.
wear offfade awayMost of my make-up wore offbefore I got to the party.
work outexercisework out at the gym three times a week.
work outbe successfulOur plan worked out fine.
work something outmake a calculationWe have to work out the total cost before we buy the house.
Br.E.: British English; N.Amer.: North American

Phrasal Verbs Quiz

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