U2_Present Perfect


Base Form 
Past Simple 
Past Participle
Began
Begun
Drank
Drunk
Rang
Rung
Shrank
Shrunk
Sang
Sung
Span/Spun
Spun
Sprang
Sprung
Stank
Stunk
Swam
Swum

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GRAMMAR CHART:    Affirmative and negative sentences
Personal pronoun
Auxiliary
Past participle
Complement
 I
 We
You
They
        have (not)
fished
played
skied
swum
cleaned
done
written
walked
in this lake many time.
soccer for a long time.
since I was a little boy.
many times in the last year.
the house three time in the last five days.
my homework in two hours.
two books lately. 
to that mountain once
He
She
it
         has (not)
GRAMMAR CHART:    Information question
Wh-W
Have
Personal pronoun
Past participle
Unspecific expressions

What
How long
Where
How many times
What countries

have
I
We
You
They
fished?
played?
skied?
swum?
cleaned?
done?
written?
alked?
v up to now
v until now / till now
v (not)yet
v lately / recently
v never
v once
v yet, etc.
v so far
v just
v already
v ever
v many times
v several times
v before

has
He
She
it

The main use of Present Perfect: Unspecified Time Before Now

Regular verbs
Irregular verbs
Exceptions in spelling when adding ed
Base form
past
Past participle
after a final e only add d
love – loved

eat
do
have
fly
teach
go
ate
did
had
flew
taught
went
eaten
done
had
flown
taught
gone
final consonant after a short, stressed vowel is doubled
admit – admitted
travel – travelled

final y after a consonant becomes i
hurry – hurried

Exercises on Present Perfect

Remember:
FORM
Affirmative and negative sentences
Personal pronoun
Have (not)
Past participle
Complement
I
We
You
They
have(not)
fished
played
skied
swum
cleaned
done
written
walked
in this lake many time.
soccer for a long time.
since I was a little boy.
many times in the last year.
the house three time in the last five days.
my homework in two hours.
two books lately. 
to that mountain once
He
She
it

has (not)













Wh-W
Have
Personal pronoun
Past participle
Complement


What
How long
Where

have
I
We
You
They
fished
played
skied
swum
cleaned
done
written
walked
in this lake many time.
soccer for a long time.
since I was a little boy.
many times in the last year.
the house three time in the last five days.
my homework in two hours.
two books lately. 
to that mountain once
has
He
She
it






Examples:
  • You have seen that movie many times.
  • Have you seen that movie many times?
  • You have not seen that movie many times.

USE 1 Unspecified Time Before Now


Study this PPTs
  1. Present Perfect
  2. Present Perfect
  3. Present Perfect VS simple past
  4. Time Expressions used with thepresent perfect tense 
  5. Already, yet, since and for

PRESENT PERFECT REALATED WORDS
My sentences
Your own sentences
FOR
I’ slept here for (durante) two weeks

SINCE
I’ve lived here since (desde)I was born

ALREADY
I’ve already seen it. (ya lo he visto)

YET
QUESTIONS
Have you seen it yet? (ya lo has visto)

YET
NEGATIVE
I haven’t seen it yet. (Aún no lo he visto)

JUST
She’s just gone.  (acaba de irse)

EVER
Have you ever seen a flying saucer?

NEVER
I’ve never seen a flying saucer.











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